THE HISTORY OF SOLID SHAMPOO
Since the dawn of time, shampoo has been part of our skincare rituals. After the advent of industrial liquid shampoo, we are now seeing a return of solid shampoo in our consumption habits. In this article, we reveal the origin of shampoo and its evolution through the centuries.
The origins of shampoo
The beginning of hair rituals can be traced back to ancient times when people started washing their hair. Women and men used clay, herbal decoctions or henna to cleanse their scalp.
In ancient Egypt, shampoo was then made from citric acid, soap and water. This was quite irritating for the eyes and for the skin!
In the Middle Ages, women wore their hair very long. To clean it, they used ointments made of animal fats and herbal infusions.
Then, at the end of the 16th century, the use of water was discouraged for washing because of the diseases it carried. Clay-based powders (the ancestor of dry shampoo!) were used to degrease the roots.
The modern shampoo as we know it today appeared in Brighton, England, in the mid-18th century.
The word "Shampoo" comes from shampoo, an English word dating back to 1762, which meant "to massage". The word itself is borrowed from the Anglo-Indian "shampoo", which in turn came from the Hindi " chāmpo ", the imperative of " chāmpnā ", which means "to oil, to massage the muscles" and also refers to a plant used to create fragrant oils for hair massage. At the time, this was a common practice among Hindu women to make their hair shine.
Sake Dean Mahomed initiated the term "shampoo" as we know it today. Born in Patna, India, he opened "Mahomed's Indian Steam Baths" in Brighton in 1814, a kind of Turkish bath where customers received therapeutic scalp massages with vegetable oils.
This technique became so popular that he was officially appointed Shampoo Surgeon to King George IV and his brother William IV. Over time, the meaning of the word "shampoo" evolved. From "massaging the scalp", it then meant "washing hair with soap".
English hairdressers used a paste made from soap flakes and plants in boiling water to clean and shine their clients' hair.
The industrialization of shampoo
The first to industrialize shampoo was Kasey Hebert, who called his product " Shaempoo ". He sold it directly on the street.
Then everything accelerates from 1903 when the German chemist and pharmacist Hans Schwarzkopf presents his first powder shampoo to be dissolved in water. Called "black head shampoo", it was a huge success and Hans Schwarzkopf gave up pharmacy to devote himself to the production of his shampoos. In 1927 he launched the first liquid shampoo on the European market, which was mainly distributed to hairdressers.
Back in France in 1931, Eugène Shueller, founder of L'Oréal, created the first shampoo based on synthetic detergent (syndet). Then 3 years later, L'Oréal decided to distribute the first modern consumer shampoo, the berlingot DOP, which became the first consumer shampoo.
After the release of this shampoo, numerous advertising campaigns were set up to develop the use of the shampoo on a daily basis (even intensively), which made it part of the daily care rituals.
Back to the roots
Since then, the daily shampoo ritual has begun to be rethought in order to return to more natural products that are respectful of the environment and the body.
New recipes for homemade shampoos based on natural powders such as clay are appearing, as well as the desire to let the scalp breathe by spacing out shampoos a few days apart to regain the "true" nature of the hair.
It is also the great return of the solid shampoo based on ingredients of natural origin and surfactants of vegetable origin (like the SCI we use, which is derived from coconut oil) gentle on our scalp but also more respectful of the planet because it is zero plastic.
So how about changing your skincare habits to get started?